Formula, Ingredients and Chemical-physical Data 

Handrub such as Desmanol® is a rapid acting alcohol based handrub for hygienic and surgical hand disinfection. Its unique formulation allows for frequent use and emollient ingredients help prevent the skin from drying out

At a glance
  • Desmanol® has a broad spectrum of activity and is effective against MRSA and VRE, bacteria ( inlc. TB bacilli), fungi, viruses (polio, vaccina, adeno, herpes, herpes simplex viruses, HAV, HBV, HCV, HIV)
  • Suitable for both hygienic and surgical hand disinfection
  • Contains emollients for skin care protection
  • Suitable for frequent use without causing sticky residue 
 Composition :
  • Active Ingredient : 1-propanol, 2-propanol, and Chlorhexidine digluconate
100g solution contains : 45 g propan-1-ol and 28g propan-2-ol
  • Other Ingredient: Macrogol 400, 1-Tetradecanol, Nonoxynol-12, Macrogol-iso-octanoate-220
Microbiological Effectiveness
The unique formula of Desmanol® ensures effectiveness against bacteria including:
  • Bacteria (incl. TB bacilli), MRSA, VRE
  • Fungi, Lipophilic and Hydrophilic
  • Viruses: Polio virus, Rota viruses, Adeno virus, Vaccinia virus, Herpes simplex virus, HAV*, HBV, HCV* and HIV

Chemical-physical Data of Desmanol
  • Liquid
  • Apperance : Clear solution
  • Colour : Blue
  • Density : 0.9 g/cm3
  • Viscosity :< 15 sec Flow time according to DIN53211
  • Temperature stability : Stable between +2°C and +40°C. Flocculation at -5°C, but fully reversible from +10°C
  • Flash point 24°C
Chemical-physical Data of Desmanol ingredients

Chlorhexidine digluconate
  • Synonyms: Gluconicacid, D- (8CI);Dextronic acid;Gluconic acid;Glycogenic acid;Glyconic acid;Maltonic acid;Pentahydroxycaproic acid;Chlorhexidine D-digluconate;Pharmaseal Scrub Care;
  • Physical State : Liquid
  • Color : Colorless to pale yellow
  • pH (5% Solution) : 5.5-7.0
  • Storage Stability : stable for one year @ 20-26°C
  • Molecular Weight: 897.77
  • Density: 1.06 (20% aq.)
  • Melting Point: 134 °C
  • Boiling Point: 699.3 °C at 760 mmHg
  • Flash Point: 376.7 °C
  • Solubility: Miscible with water, soluble in ethanol & acetone
  • Composition : Chlorhexidine digluconate is a non-solid, water-soluble anti-microbial agent composed of carbon, hydrogen, chlorine, nitrogen and oxygen.
1-propanol
  • Synonyms: Propylic alcohol; Ethyl-carbinol; n-propyl a;cohol
  • Chemical Formula : CH3CH2CH2OH
  • Physical State : Liquid
  • Color : Clear, colourless
  • Odor: mild alcoholic odour
  • Viscosity : 1.938 cP
  • Vapour pressure: 20 mm Hg at 25C
  • Molecular Weight: 60.1
  • Freezing Point: -126.6°C
  • Boiling Point: 92.7 °C
  • Solubility: in water fully miscible
  • Stability : Stable. May form peroxides in contact with air. Incompatible with alkali metals, alkaline earths, aluminium, oxidizing agents, nitro compounds. Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures explosive.
 2-propanol
  • Synonyms: Isopropyl alcohol; sec-propyl alcohol; isopropanol; sec-propanol; dimethylcarbinol
  • Molecular Weight: 60.10
  • Chemical Formula: (CH3)2 CHOH
  • Appearance: Clear, colorless liquid
  • Odor: Rubbing alcohol
  • Solubility: Miscible in water
  • Specific Gravity: 0.79 @ 20C/4C
  • pH: No information found
  • % Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 100
  • Boiling Point: 82C (180F)
  • Melting Point: -89C (-128F)
  • Vapor Density (Air=1): 2.1
  • Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): 44 @ 25C (77F)
  • Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): 2.83
  • Stability: Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Heat and sunlight can contribute to instability
  • Incompatibilities: Heat, flame, strong oxidizers, acetaldehyde, acids, chlorine, ethylene oxide, hydrogen-palladium combination, hydrogen peroxide-sulfuric acid combination, potassium tert-butoxide, hypochlorous acid, isocyanates, nitroform, phosgene, aluminum, oleum and perchloric acid
  • Conditions to Avoid: Heat, flames, ignition sources and incompatibles
 Macrogol 400
  • Molecular weight : 62.07
  • Molecular formula : H-O-C-H2-C-H2-O-H
  • Change in appearance : hygroscopic
  • Color : colorless
  • Physical form : liquid
  • Odor : odorless
  • Taste : sweet taste
  • Flash point : 232 F
  • Boiling point : 388 F (198 C)
  • Freezing point : 10 F(-12 C)
  • Solubility : soluble in water, alcohol, acetone, glycerol, acetic acid, aldehydes, ketone, pyridines, slightly soluble in ether, practically insoluble in benzene, petroleum ether, oils, chlorinated solvents
  • Viscosity : 21Cp @15 C
  • Incompatible : oxidizing materials, bases, acids, reducing agents, metals
  • Storage : store in a cool and dry place

1-Tetradecanol
  • Synonyms : Myrystyl alcohol
  • Molecular weight : 214.39
  • Molecular formula : CH3(CH2)13OH
  • Physical State: white crystalline semi-Solid
  • Color: off-white to light yellow
  • Melting Point: 37-39 C
  • Boiling point : 277-288 C
  • Flash point : 145 C
  • Solubility in water: Insoluble in water.
  • Spesific gravity : 0.82 – 0.83
  • Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
  • Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, strong oxidants.
  • Incompatibilities with Other Materials:Oxidizing agents.
  • Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
  • Storage: Keep container closed when not in use. Store in a cool, dry,
  • well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
  • Application : Fatty alcohols, derived from natural fats and oils, are high molecular straight chain primary alcohols. They include lauryl (C12), MyrIstyl (C14), Cetyl ( or palmityl: C16), stearyl (C18), Oleyl (C18, unsaturated), and Linoleyl (C18, polyunsaturated) alcohols. Fatty alcohols are emulsifiers and emollients to make skin smoother and prevent moisture loss. Identical fatty esters are used to improve rub-out of formulas and to control viscosity and dispersion characteristics in cosmetics, personal care products and pharmaceutical ingredients.
 Nonoxynol-12
  • Is the 12-mole ethoxylate of nonylphenol. It is a water soluble, nonionic surface-active agent which is compatible with other nonionic surfactants and with most anionic and cationic surfactants.
  • Applications : wetting agents, penetrants, disperants, detergents, solubilizing agents, emulsifiers
  • Apperance at 30 C : Clear to slightly turbid liquid, free of foreign matter
  • Cloud point, Oc (1% in 10% NaCl) : 50-54
  • pH 1% IN 10:6 -- IPA: H2O : 6.5-7.5
  • Molecular weight : 748
  • HLB Value : 70.6
  • Water solubility : soluble
  • Flash point : 400 F ( 204 C)
  • Pour point : 37F ( 3 C)
  • Density (g/ml) at 25 C) : 1.066
  • Surface tension : (dynes/cm) : 32

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