Detergent Formula, Composition and Manufacturing

Currently, many outstanding products quality detergent with various brands of the real from detergent raw materials are relatively similar, what distinguishes is the composition and additives. Detergents in its work has a unique ability to remove impurities, both soluble in water or insoluble in water. This is due to the detergent, especially the molecules of surfactant (surface active agent) that serves its lower surface tension of water so as to release the dirt on the surface of the material. One end of the surfactant molecule prefers oil, as a result of this section which penetrate the oily dirt. The other tip of surfactant molecules prefer water only, is what role the dirt loosened from the fabric and re-dispersing dirt so it does not stick to the fabric. As a result, cloth color can be maintained.

Physical Shape Classification of Detergents
Based on the physical form, detergents differentiated by:
1. Liquid detergent, liquid detergents generally similar to the detergent powder. What distinguishes only the physical form. In Indonesia liquid detergent to my knowledge this has not been used commercially, typically used for modern laundry using a large capacity washing machine with advanced technology.

2. Detergents cream, cream with a detergent soap dab almost the same but the content of the raw materials they are different formulas.


Women and men must have felt annoyed when there is acne perched on face. Besides damaging the appearance, also made uncomfortable. The following menu can be a barrier to the emergence acne. Acne arises because of the excess production of sebum in the pores of the skin, especially in the face and back. As a result, clogged pores and excess is easily infected. Production generally occurs in the age group of a dozen years due to increased sex hormones. Generally, more experienced men than woman. Acne can occur in men or women aged 20-something years. In women usually experienced prior to menstruation, although sometimes also occurs during menopause.

After understanding the manufacture of soap transparent soap chips or soap base or glycerine soap or soap MP (melt n pour), then we learn to make soap for skin care applications, namely anti-acne soap formulation as follows …

Chip Soap 75 grams
Lexaine C 10 cc
PEG 400 5 cc
Tea Tree Oil 3 cc
Propylene Glycol 10 cc
Dyes to taste
Preservatives (Germaben) 0.2 cc


Transparent soap can be used as souvenirs or wedding gift, which gives the impression of a very unique and funny as well as providing an exclusive appearance.

Transparent soap can clean the dirt because it contains active ingredients that work not only able to remove the dirt but also provides foaming effect a smooth and soft. Transparent soap possess a special advantage which can refine, softening and moisturize the skin. In addition, shape, color, perfume and its packaging can be varied so as to provide a unique look and exclusive impression. Transparent soap can be ordered in accordance with the taste and can be used for hotel soap, soap souvenirs, wedding gifts, birthday gifts and decorations / air freshener.

Here is a method of making transparent soap for souvenirs or soap chips or glycerin soap.
Formula 1


Granulated sugar 36 gram
Alcohol 96% 50 cc
Propylene glycol 36 Gram
EDTA 0.4 Gram
Chip soap 88 gram
Dyes to taste
Perfume to taste


The word aromatherapy was introduced in 1928 by a French chemist: Rene-Maurice Gattefosse. Inadvertently, his hands on fire and in her panic she dipped her hand into the pure lavender oil. A few hours later the burn healed. Further research confirmed that the aromatic oils of plants was indeed has ability to cured.

Next discovery is then performed by Dr Jean Valnet who found that the aromatic oils can increase cell regeneration and protect us from bacteria. The used of aromatic oil for health improvement is applied in World War II with resounding success. Marguerite Maury is the originator of the famous first for the use of aromatic oils in beauty and health care. His book "Secrets of Life and Youth" reveals that after the research and clinical trials for many years, he finally found the area where the scent molecules produced a real therapeutic effect. In particular, he mentioned that we could enjoy a very positive impact with aromatic oils absorb through the skin or by inhaling the fragrance. After entering our body through the respiratory tract, aromatic oils will lead to nerve centers in the brain. The presence of these aromatic oils will activate our senses, stimulate the brain's ability and improve strength. To get a broader insight of the heritage that is thousands of years old, experts involved in research around the world. At present, the nature and use of aromatherapy is well known.

Besides as a skin cleanser soap can be used for relaxation and refreshment. Here is one of the transparent soap formulation for aroma therapy.


100 grams of chips soap
2.5 ml PEG 400
Lexgard P 0.5 ml
50 ml distilled water
Oatmeal 10 grams
Perfume to taste
Dyes to taste

Antidandruff Shampoo : Composition, Formula and Manufacturing

Dandruff, the little things that have a major impact. For those who experience it, dandruff can affect self-confidence. White flakes falling like a sprinkling of cheese to clothing would be very disturbing appearance. In the men in particular, scalp dandruff is a problem that often occurs. Why are men more dandruff? What causes dandruff? Then, how to cope with a stubborn dandruff?
In most people, dandruff is easy to recognize the presence of white and oily layer of dead skin cells that look like dots on the hair is accompanied by itching.

There are several causes of dandruff. Among others are as follows:

Dry skin
Dry skin is a common cause of occurrence of itching and flaking skin. Exfoliation for dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than other causes of dandruff.

Skin irritation and oily scalp (seborrheic dermatitis)
This is a common cause of dandruff. Marked with an oily scalp covered with white or yellowish coating. Seborrheic dermatitis also affects parts of the body with many oil glands such as the eyebrows, the nose and behind the ears, and sometimes the armpits.

Rarely shampooing
If you do not regularly wash the oil and skin cells from the scalp can cause dandruff.

This skin disease causes the buildup of dead skin cells that form such a thick layer of silver. Psoriasis usually occurs in the knees and elbows but can also affect the scalp.

Eczema on the scalp allows the occurrence of dandruff.

Sensitive to hair care products (contact dermatitis)
Can cause red and itchy on the scalp. Shampooing too often or using too many hair care products can also irritate the scalp and eventually cause dandruff.

The fungus Malassezia
Malassezia fungus actually exist in the scalp of healthy adults without causing problems. But sometimes growth can not be controlled as it gets food from the oil that comes out of the hair follicle. It can irritate the scalp and and cause more skin cells grow. Excess dead skin cells will start to fall, combined with oil from the hair and scalp will look like a white coating on the scalp.

The exact cause excessive growth of the fungus Malassezia is not yet known. Excess oil in the scalp, hormonal changes, stress, neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease, decreased immunity, rarely washed, and also sensitive to the fungus Malassezia can cause dandruff.

Dandruff can be experienced by anyone. But there are several factors that make a person can suffer from dandruff than others, namely:

Dandruff usually start experienced by young adults and continues until middle age. But it is also possible that the older they are not dandruff because for some people, dandruff can be a stubborn problem.

Men more dandruff. Experts think this has to do with male hormones that contribute to the occurrence of dandruff. Men are also known to have oil glands larger production in the skin of his head which may play a role in causing dandruff.

Scalp and oily hair
Malassezia Fungi live by getting food from the oil in the scalp. So that those with scalp and hair will be more likely to be too greasy dandruff.

A diet poor iron intake (zinc) and vitamin B can make you the possibility of dandruff.

Certain diseases
It is still not clear that adults with neurological diseases such as Parkinson's is more likely to have seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. Likewise, those who are experiencing stress and immune problems.

Overcome Dandruff
Dandruff can almost always be controlled. However, treatment of dandruff that appears requires a little perseverance and patience. In general, mild dandruff can still be overcome by shampooing regularly with a gentle shampoo to reduce the oil and the growth of new skin cells.

But, when ordinary shampoo failed to overcome the problem of dandruff, you can try a shampoo antiketombe are sold freely. To remember is that not all the same shampoo antiketombe, maybe you should try some type of shampoo to find a suitable to address your dandruff.

Anti-dandruff Shampoo can be grouped according to its content:

Pyrithione zinc shampoo
Contain zinc pyrithione which is antibacterial and antifungal agents. Can reduce the fungus on the scalp that cause dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.

Tar-based shampoo
Coal tar is a result of the coal manufacturing process can help to overcome dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis by slowing cell death and exfoliation of skin heads.

Shampoos containing salicylic acid
Shampoo helps remove the layer of this type of dandruff, but can cause the scalp becomes dry. Use conditioner after shampooing to reduce dryness in the scalp.

Preparation and Manufacturing of Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)

MSG is produced through fermentation of molasses-sugar (molasses) by the bacteria (Brevibacterium lactofermentum). In this fermentation process, will first produce Glutamic Acid. Glutamic acid as a result of this fermentation process, then add soda (Sodium Carbonate), so that will be formed Monosodium Glutamate (MSG). MSG this happens, then purified and crystallized, so it is a crystal-pure powders, ready to be sold in the market.

Before the bacteria were used for fermentation production of MSG, the first such bacteria must be reproduced (in terms of microbiology: cultured or cultured) in a medium called Bactosoytone. This process is known as the breeding process of bacteria, and separate at all (both space and time) with the process above. After the bacteria grow and multiply, then the bacteria were taken for use as biological agents in the fermentation process to make MSG.

Bactosoytone as a medium for bacterial growth, made separate (by Difco Company in the U.S.), by the way-enzymatic hydrolysis of soy protein (Soyprotein). In simple language, soy protein is broken down with the help of enzymes that produce short-chain peptides (peptone) Bactosoytone called it. The enzyme used in hydrolysis process is called porcine, and this enzyme was isolated from the pancreas-pig.


Currently, many types of soft drinks has been circulated in the market in the form of packaging, either in cans, bottles, glasses, and so forth.

Important stage in the manufacture of carbonated drink process is absolutely high pressure CO2 gas to fill the cavities in the structure of liquids. This high pressure causing hissing sound when opened carbonated drinks from cans or bottles. Hissing sound comes from pressure on the surface of soda water which comes down very quickly, so that carbon dioxide gas in the drink trying to escape. Carbon dioxide gas does not escape its own, but form a molecule called the nucleus so that they have the power to resist fluids, escape to the surface. This nucleus can be seen when we poured the drink into the glass, then at the edge will form bubbles that look together. This nucleus also provide delicious sensation on the tongue.

The process of formation of nuclei can be accelerated by shaking the carbonated beverage. If we shuffle the soda in cans or bottles are still closed, there will be popping sound when the can is opened due to a very large nucleus encouragement.

Other factors that influence the process of loss of carbon dioxide gas in water is temperature. Carbonation process would be more effective at a lower temperature, which is 2-5 degrees Celsius. The higher the temperature of the liquid, the less gas is dissolved.

Waxing on The Fruits : Formula, Composition and Technique

We can found local or import fruits easily at the supermarket, fruit store or the fruit stalls on the roadside. Did you know that those fruits have long circulated from the start harvesting but still look fresh? Did that fruits are in the process of waxing?

Waxing other than to improve the appearance of fruit skin, waxing aims to extend the shelf life, preventing shrinkage of fruit weight, close small cuts or scratches, prevent mold, prevent decay and maintain color.

Wax that is used for coating must meet several requirements, namely: do not affect the smell and taste the fruit, quick drying, not sticky, not easily broken, shiny and smooth, thin, does not contain toxic, cheap and easily obtained.

Utilization of waxing on new fruit at harvest, usually done on the fruit or to fruit traders Export / Import. Special Export / Import, fruit yields are likely preserved former first before being sent to the country of destination. Typically, the fruit is coated with a type of wax will inhibit evaporation during the process of decaying fruit. Wax layer is usually found on imported fruits such as oranges, apple, pear, mango etc..


Indonesia is famous for its rich spices. As a result of it all, Indonesia was colonized by the Portuguese, Dutch and Japanese, to take the spices for his own use and the remainder sold to countries that need it. Especially the Dutch results from the sale of spices used to stem the sea and build their country. This is a bit of the history of the Indonesian people, how great price and value of spices

The benefits of spices in addition to the field of culinary, health as well as for the field of beauty (cosmetics). Spices beauty in various applications such as body scrub, body odor remover, etc. slimming.

Special to spice bath soap, spices work to tighten, smoothing and skin cleansers and body odor remover. Spices are a lot of grown up around us so easily in the can / be found. Spices are contained in the soap as an additive and has the advantage of the soap itself.
Incorporate materials into soap spice there are two ways of spices, dried and then ground into powder or spice it up in small slices and then boiled and filtered with a soft cloth to be taken just dilution.

Corn flour is the best choice to help open the pores of soap on the skin, then clean the excess oil on skin. Corn starch granules capable of "scratching" (Scrub), dirt and oils from the skin surface.

The composition of the herb soap making:
1. Coconut Oil 100 ml
2. NaOH
3. Stearic acid
4. Spices to taste
5. 5 g corn flour
6. NaCl
7. Lemongrass oil to taste
8. Perfume to taste
9. Water

Toothpaste Formula, Composition and Manufacturing

In our daily activities can not be separated from tooth brushing with a toothbrush and toothpaste. Activities toothbrush should be done 2-3 times a day, mainly carried out after every meal. Have you ever in a day just does not brush his teeth? For one thing, the author never once in a day does not brush his teeth, so consequently the mouth feel uncomfortable and awkward to talk to someone at close range because worry about bad breath.

When used for toothbrushes, toothpaste that both must satisfy the properties:
  1. Can remove foreign particles, the remaining food on the teeth, plaque or tartar, and can clean teeth.
  2. It should not toxic, has a sense of fun and feel fresh after using the mouth.

Scrub and Shower Gel with Vitamin E Formulation and Composition

Current affairs not just clean bathrooms but there must be other advantages to the skin of our bodies. Our hope after we bathe is that you feel your skin clean, smooth, moist skin awake and shine. To realize that hope, we make soap scrubs bath & shower gel with vitamin E.

This soap is gel / paste, very suitable in containers such as tube. Excess packaging compared to other packaging tube, tube packaging is very practical use could be put in a pocket or inside the bag.

Material Composition:
  1. SLES Ultra 120 gr
  2. Cocoamino Diethanol amine to taste
  3. Cocoaminido propyl betaine
  4. Methyl paraben
  5. Propyl paraben
  6. NaCl 2.5
  7. EDTA
  8. Hot water 25 ml
  9. Amylum
  10. Vitamin E
  11. Dyes to taste
  12. Perfume to taste 
Equipment used: container, stirrer & measuring cup

Basic Formula of Hand Body Lotion

Dry or scaly skin? That would interfere with our appearance and the skin will feel rough, in the end it will make us not confidence. To overcome this problem, of course, wear hand body lotion. There are materials ..., just make it.

Don’t think, the manufacturing process is very easy and fast.

The Formula of hand body lotion:

Part I
Lexemul CS 25 gr
Laurex 5 gr
Dimethicone 100 cps
Iso Propyl Myristate 10-15 cc
Methyl paraben (Nipagin)
Propyl paraben (Nipasol)

Part II
TiO2 (Titanium dioxide)
MPG (Mono propylene glycol) 5 g
Hot distilled water
Cold distilled water
Dyes to taste
Perfume to taste