Dandruff, the little things that have a major impact. For those who experience it, dandruff can affect self-confidence. White flakes falling like a sprinkling of cheese to clothing would be very disturbing appearance. In the men in particular, scalp dandruff is a problem that often occurs. Why are men more dandruff? What causes dandruff? Then, how to cope with a stubborn dandruff?
In most people, dandruff is easy to recognize the presence of white and oily layer of dead skin cells that look like dots on the hair is accompanied by itching.

There are several causes of dandruff. Among others are as follows:

Dry skin
Dry skin is a common cause of occurrence of itching and flaking skin. Exfoliation for dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than other causes of dandruff.

Skin irritation and oily scalp (seborrheic dermatitis)
This is a common cause of dandruff. Marked with an oily scalp covered with white or yellowish coating. Seborrheic dermatitis also affects parts of the body with many oil glands such as the eyebrows, the nose and behind the ears, and sometimes the armpits.

Rarely shampooing
If you do not regularly wash the oil and skin cells from the scalp can cause dandruff.

Psoriasis
This skin disease causes the buildup of dead skin cells that form such a thick layer of silver. Psoriasis usually occurs in the knees and elbows but can also affect the scalp.

Eczema
Eczema on the scalp allows the occurrence of dandruff.

Sensitive to hair care products (contact dermatitis)
Can cause red and itchy on the scalp. Shampooing too often or using too many hair care products can also irritate the scalp and eventually cause dandruff.

The fungus Malassezia
Malassezia fungus actually exist in the scalp of healthy adults without causing problems. But sometimes growth can not be controlled as it gets food from the oil that comes out of the hair follicle. It can irritate the scalp and and cause more skin cells grow. Excess dead skin cells will start to fall, combined with oil from the hair and scalp will look like a white coating on the scalp.

The exact cause excessive growth of the fungus Malassezia is not yet known. Excess oil in the scalp, hormonal changes, stress, neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease, decreased immunity, rarely washed, and also sensitive to the fungus Malassezia can cause dandruff.

Dandruff can be experienced by anyone. But there are several factors that make a person can suffer from dandruff than others, namely:

Age
Dandruff usually start experienced by young adults and continues until middle age. But it is also possible that the older they are not dandruff because for some people, dandruff can be a stubborn problem.

Man
Men more dandruff. Experts think this has to do with male hormones that contribute to the occurrence of dandruff. Men are also known to have oil glands larger production in the skin of his head which may play a role in causing dandruff.

Scalp and oily hair
Malassezia Fungi live by getting food from the oil in the scalp. So that those with scalp and hair will be more likely to be too greasy dandruff.

Diet
A diet poor iron intake (zinc) and vitamin B can make you the possibility of dandruff.

Certain diseases
It is still not clear that adults with neurological diseases such as Parkinson's is more likely to have seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff. Likewise, those who are experiencing stress and immune problems.

Overcome Dandruff
Dandruff can almost always be controlled. However, treatment of dandruff that appears requires a little perseverance and patience. In general, mild dandruff can still be overcome by shampooing regularly with a gentle shampoo to reduce the oil and the growth of new skin cells.

But, when ordinary shampoo failed to overcome the problem of dandruff, you can try a shampoo antiketombe are sold freely. To remember is that not all the same shampoo antiketombe, maybe you should try some type of shampoo to find a suitable to address your dandruff.

Anti-dandruff Shampoo can be grouped according to its content:

Pyrithione zinc shampoo
Contain zinc pyrithione which is antibacterial and antifungal agents. Can reduce the fungus on the scalp that cause dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.

Tar-based shampoo
Coal tar is a result of the coal manufacturing process can help to overcome dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis by slowing cell death and exfoliation of skin heads.

Shampoos containing salicylic acid
Shampoo helps remove the layer of this type of dandruff, but can cause the scalp becomes dry. Use conditioner after shampooing to reduce dryness in the scalp.


Selenium sulfide shampoo
Work by slowing skin cell death and to reduce the fungus Malassezia. This type of shampoo can fade colored hair, so be sure to use it as directed and rinse well after shampooing.

Ketoconazole shampoo
Ketoconazole is a broad-spectrum antifungal agent that may work when other shampoos have failed.


Few tips for using shampoo antidandruff:
Use one of these shampoo regularly every day until the dandruff is under control, then to 2-3 times a week. If one type of shampoo to work in one time and appeared to begin to lose its effectiveness, try to take turns to try two types of antidandruff shampoo. Be sure to let the shampoo at least 5 minutes in the head for the content of the shampoo to work.

If for a few weeks you've tried antidandruff shampoo but still stubborn, you still feel the itch on the scalp or your scalp becomes red and swollen, see your doctor dermatologist. Your doctor will prescribe a stronger shampoo or treatment with liquid steroids.

Analysis of anti-dandruff shampoo ingredients are all ingredients used cosmetics and safety standards. For that we discuss each of these substances in terms of its function. .
  1. Pearl concentrate serves to add to the beauty shampoo (shampoo pearl. 
  2. Zinc pyrithione serves to prevent and eliminate dandruff or use ketoconazole, salicylic acid, selenium sulfide etc.. 
The composition of anti-dandruff shampoo
1. Sodium Chloride 40 g
2. Ultra SLES
3. Foam Booster(Foaming agent)
4. Lexaine-C qs
5. Polyquat
6. Zinc Pyrithione
7. Trilon B liquid
8. Carboxylic Acid
9. Pearl concentrate
10. Lexgard 2.2 cc
11. Dyes qs
12. Perfume qs
13. Distilled water

Equipment needed: container, stirrer and dosing.

Procedure of manufacture:
1. Sodium chloride 20 g + Ultra SLESS stir until white
2. (1) + 3 / 4 of distilled water little by little stir
3. (2) + Foam booster mix of C-KD
4. Lexaine C + Polyquat stir in another container
5. (3) + (4) stir
6. (5) + Pearl concentrate mix
7. (6) + Zinc pyrithione stir
8. (7) + P Lexgard stir
9. Carboxylic acid + distilled water mix well
10. (6) + (7) stir
11. Trilon + residual mix distilled water + sodium chloride remaining stir
12. (8) + (9) little by little stir
13. (10) + Dyes stir
14. (13) + Perfumes stir to taste
15. Allow a few hours and is ready to be packed
Some sources in the capture of Agoes Ramdhanie


Discussion about the antidandruff shampoo ingredients
  1. Sodium chloride (table salt) is used to thicken the mixture if the main surfactants are sodium lauryl sulfates. If the surfactants are ammonium based, then ammonium chloride is used. Salt can make the shampoo harsh and sting the eyes, so more expensive thickeners are used to keep the salt levels low.
  2. Ultra SLES (Sodium Lauryl Ether Sulphate) is a detergent and surfactant found in many personal care products. SLES is an inexpensive and very effective foaming agent.
  3. Foam Booster serves as a maker of small bubbles and foam booster. You can use Cocamide DEA (or MEA or TEA)
  4. Lexaine-C is a premium cocamidopropyl betaine derived from coconut fatty acids. Lexaines are classified as amphoteric surfactants. Although their major function in a surfactant system is to modify viscosity and foam properties, Lexaines also serve as substantive conditioners. When properly formulated, Lexaines will effectively reduce irritation commonly associated with primary anionic surfactants.
  5. Polyquat(stearalkonium chloride, disteardimonium chloride, quaternium-5 or quaternium-18, polyquaternium-10). This compound is widely used as fabric softeners, for all of the same reasons they make good hair conditioners. They are also used to thicken the shampoo.
  6. Zinc Pyrithione is a coordination complex of zinc. This colourless solid is used as an antifungal and antibacterial agent.
  7. Trilon B liquid is a 40% aqueous solution of tetrasodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Na4EDTA). It is the most economical form of EDTA. It is very pure and has low heavy metal content. It prevents precipitation and sequesters the heavy metals responsible for discoloration and rancidity.
  8. Carboxylic Acid is a very powerful hair growth stimulator, similar or more powerful than minoxidil.
  9. Lexgard is a broad spectrum preservative for use in personal care, cosmetics and detergent. It is highly effective against gram negative and positive bacteria

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