First, this article was written to increase the knowledge of the reader to be more vigilant and understand the dangers of crystal meth (methamphetamine), not to emulate in terms of making or attempting to use it.

Shabu-shabu is a kind type of psychotropic drugs which could be fatal to the wearer.Shabu-shabu also known as Methamphetamine, methylamphetamine, N-methylamphetamine, desoxyephedrine, and "meth" or "crystal meth", is a psychosti,ulant of the phenethylamine and amphetamine class of drugs.
Shabu (meth) increases alertness, concentration, energy, and in high doses, can induce euphoria, enhance self-esteem, and increase libido. Methamphetamine has high potential for abuse and addiction by activating the psychological reward system via triggering acascading release of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain.


MATERIALS TO MAKE SHABU (METHAMPHETAMINE)


Do you know the ingredients/materials to make shabu (meth)? Most of the materials used in making meth is very easy to get and sold freely on the market. Few of these materials circulation are controlled by the authority in certain countries, such as Ephedrine / Pseudoephedrine.

Most of these materials are highly flammable, and any gas/fume that is created is a chemical compound that is very dangerous for human body. No wonder the industry or the manufacturer of crystal meth a lot of burning because of the handling is not quite right or the makers of amateurs who do not know how to handle these materials.

Materials To Make Shabu Shabu:
1. Matches (red phosphorus, hypophosphorous acid, phosphorous acid)
Red phosphorus contained in the head of matches are combined with iodine can be a substance called Hydriodic acid, a raw material for methamphetamines.This is a hazardous process for amateur chemists, because phosphine gas, a side-product from in situ hydroiodic acid production, is extremely toxic to inhale.

2. Iodine (Teat Dip or Flakes/Crystal)

Iodine is a dangerous poison if ingested in large quantities that can affect thyroid function. It takes nearly 4 bottles of iodine to produce 2-3 grams of methamphetamine.


3. Brake-Oil
Brake oil must have a high boiling point and it is not changed drastically at high temperature, protect against rust and lubricate brake system components. Although using the word 'oil' but keep in mind, brake oil is very different from the manufacturing process with oil or grease.

There are two kinds of brake oil which is commonly used by the automotive world that is contained Polyalkylene Glycol Ethers and Silicone or Silicium-based polymer. Chemicals as raw materials brake oil is similar to material on the radiator coolant anti-freeze (ethylene glycol). Basic materials include toxic materials and need a hundred years for nature to decompose.


4. Ephedrine or Pseudoephedrine (Cold Tablet)
In addition to cleaning the sinuses, ephedrine has a side effect of release of dopamine in the brain, which evoke the sensation of pleasure as perceived when eating food or having sex. While this may sound in big theory, excessive stimulation of dopamine release artificially will eventually cause someone to lose the ability to create the sensation of pleasure naturally.

Ephedrine or Pseudoephedrine 0found in common asthma and cold remedies and sold as over the counter. These ingredients and the needed equipment can be easily purchased from drug stores, supermarkets, hardware stores, feed stores and farm supply outlets.
People who work in retail stores should be alert to large purchases of these items.

5. Lighter Fluid, Butane
Lighter fluid is used for cooking meth. Perhaps you begin to understand why meth labs so frequently burned.

6. Hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid is found naturally in the intestines as an ingredient in human digestive fluid. If spilled on the skin, this acid will actually damaging to the human flesh. In the industrial world, hydrochloric acid is used in leather processing and to remove iron oxide and rust from steel. Meth users choose to purposefully ingest this corrosive acid into their bodies.

7. Drano (Sodium Hydroxide / Lye)
You may have used Drano to corrode pipes and waste water from hair. Drano composition is sodium hydroxide and water. Most of the sodium hydroxide is used in creating biodiesel or for aluminum etching. It is also used by city workers in charge of the road to remove blood stains on the accident.


8. Ether (Engine Starter)

Highly flammable gas that is used as a tranquilizer for operation by a third world country. After inhaling ether, once called "sweet vitriol" for its hypnotic effects, patients can undergo surgery without pain.


9. Anhydrous Ammonia (Farm Fertilizer)
The term "anhydrous" means without water. Because of this strong ammonia less water, it will seek out wherever it can find it, eat through anything in its path including human flesh. This highly destructive substance that is used industrially as a commercial refrigerant and chemical fertilizers.

There are several different recipes for making shabu-shabu (meth), but of course still involves materials that are very dangerous. Some other materials used to make shabu-shabu are:
  • Acetone
  • Toluene (Brake Cleaner)
  • Sulfuric Acid (Drain Cleaner) battery acid
  • Methanol/Alcohol (Gasoline Additives)
  • Muriatic Acid (pool acid)
  • Trichloroethane (Dun Scrubber)
  • Lithium (Battery acid)

METHOD AND MANUFACTURING OF SHABU (METHAMPHETAMINE)

Synthesis is relatively simple, but entails risk with flammable and corrosive chemicals, particularly the solvents used in extraction and purification; therefore.

Most of the necessary chemicals are readily available in household products or OTC (Over the counter) cold or allergy medicines. When illicitly produced, methamphetamine is commonly made by the reduction of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine. The maximum conversion rate for ephedrine and pseudoephedrine is 92%, although typically, illicit methamphetamine laboratories convert at a rate of 50% to 75%.

There are 3 methods of making meth is often used by the meth factory / industry, here is the review :


1. Most used methods is production that involve protonation of the hydroxyl group on the ephedrine or pseudoephedrine molecule. Structurally, methamphetamine is most similar to methcathinone and amphetamine. The most common method for small-scale methamphetamine labs in the United States, Indonesia and Mexico is primarily called the "Red, White, and Blue Process".

Red = red phosphorus,
White = ephedrine or pseudoephedrine (white),
Purple = iodine (in elemental form), from which hydroiodic acid is formed.

2. Another common method is the Birch reduction (Nagai method),using metallic lithium, commonly extracted from non-rechargeable lithium batteries. Birch reduction is dangerous because the alkali metal and liquid anhydrous ammonia are both extremely reactive, and the temperature of liquid ammonia makes it susceptible to explosive boiling when reactants are added.

3. The last common method is synthesis using the reductive amination of phenylacetone with methylamine, both of which are currently DEA list I chemicals (as are pseudoephedrine and ephedrine). The reaction requires a catalyst that acts as a reducing agent, such as mercury aluminum amalgam or platinum dioxide.

Methamphetamine labs can give off noxious fumes, such phosphine gas, methylamine gas, solvent vapors, acetone or chloroform, iodine vapors, white phosphorus, anhydrous ammonia, hydrogen chloride/muriatic acid, hydrogen iodide, lithium/sodium metal, ether, or methamphetamine vapors. If performed by amateurs, manufacturing methamphetamine can be extremely dangerous. If the red phosphorus overheats, because of a lack of ventilation, phosphine gas can be produced. This gas is highly toxic and, if present in large quantities, is likely to explode upon autoignition from diphosphine, which is formed by overheating phosphorus. (Source : Wikipedia)

DANGEROUS OF METH PRODUCTION
Breathing the toxic fumes can cause irreparable harm to nasal passages, lungs and brain. The ingredients can ignite, corrode or react. Producers of homemade meth are typically users themselves and not skilled in chemistry. Cooks may be producing meth while their mental capacities are impaired by the drug. All these factors make meth labs a catastrophe waiting to happen. There have been several explosions and fires across Nebraska as a result of cooking meth.

Five to seven pounds of toxic waste are produced per pound of meth. These hazardous chemicals may be dumped on the ground or in nearby streams and lakes, buried or simply left behind. Toxic wastes can contaminate drinking water.

Buildings used to make meth can be a health risk to the next unsuspecting tenants. Toxic vapors may have absorbed into the furniture, flooring, air vents and walls. Harsh liquids dumped or spilled can remain for a long time as residue in bathtubs, toilets, sinks or floors.

If you know someone who became users of crystal meth or other drug types, give this information to him/her. Users only know how to use it for his own satisfaction and instant gratification without knowing will be a very dangerous side effects in any matter content - basic ingredients.

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